尊宝国际娱乐

 您当前所在的位置:精品学习网 首页 > 原创专栏

中考英语语法:宾语从句的应用

来源:51EDU精品学习网编辑:薄荷猫 发布时间:2017-10-19 15:35:57
分享到:
【 本文摘要 】宾语从句是一种名词性从句,它在复合句中作主句的宾语即作宾语的是一个句子。本文主要为考生朋友们提供了宾语从句的应用及宾语从句练习题、答案,详情如下: 【 关 键 词 】 宾语从句的应用
宾语从句是一种名词性从句,它在复合句中作主句的宾语即作宾语的是一个句子。本文主要为考生朋友们提供了宾语从句的应用及宾语从句练习题、答案,详情如下:宾语从句的应用注意三大要素一、引导词1.that(从句是陈述句时,引导词用that,它本身无词义,不充当成分,在口语中可省略,但在正式场合不可省)。2.if或whether(从句是一般疑问句时用if或whether,含义是“是否”。)if whether一般情况下可以互换,但在构成whether……or not句式时只能用whether。3.连接代词,连接代词(what、which、who、whose)连接副词(从句是特殊疑问句时用),连接副词(when、where、how、why)二、宾语从句的语序宾语从句的语序都用陈述句语序(即正常的主谓语序)。例如:He says that Tom will miss a lot of lessonsShe asked whether we should hold a sports meetingDo you know what the popalation of Dalianis?三、宾语从句的时态1.主句是一般现在时,从句可根据需要选用任何时态。例如:She says that she is good at Chinese.He Says that he has been ill for three days.I don’t know if she will come tomorrow.2.主句是一般过程时,从句可根据需要用相应的过去某种时态。(即一般过去时,过去将来时,过去完成时等)。例如:She asked me where I lived.He said that she had been ill for six days.He said that he would return soon.3.当从句讲述的是客观事实或真理时,从句时态不受主句的影响,都用一般现在时。例如:The teacher said “Light travels faster than sound”She said that the earth is round特例:Could you tell me ……委婉的语气,常按照一般现在时处理。Could you tell me where the nearest park is?宾语从句的试题及答案解析例1 (2008·北京)—Do you know for shanghai last night?——At 9:00A、what time he leaves  B、what time does he leaveC、what time he left  D、What time did he leave解析:考查宾语从句的用法。对于宾语从句要注意三要素:语序(陈述语序)、时态(主句是过去式,从句要用相应的过去式;主句是一般现在时,从句根据需要确定时态)、引导词(that, whether/if,特殊疑问词)。B和D语序不正确;由last night可知A项时态错误。故选C。例2 (2008 重庆)please tell me I have some good mews for himA、where Robert lives  B、where does Robert liveC、where Robert lived  D、where did Robert live解析:考查宾语从句。宾语从句中要用陈述语序,可排除B、D。由I have some good news for him.” 可知要用一般现在时,可排除C。故选A。例3 (2008 河北) You are growing so fast, can you tell me now?A、how fast are you B、how fast you areC、how tall are you D、how tall you are解析:本题考查宾语从句的用法。宾语从句要用陈述语序。根据题意是问Annie多高了,故选D。例4 (2008,天津)The boys askedA、When could the go  B、what they would do nextC、where they will go  D、how did they get there解析考查宾语从句。对于宾语从句要注意三点:语序/陈述语序)、时态(主句是过去时,从句要用相应的过去时),引导词(that、whether/if,特殊疑问句)。A、D语序不对,C时态不对,故选B例5(2008,南京)——why did miss wang look so worried when we saw her?——Because she wonderedA、where did the other students goB、when would the policeman comeC、what her students have done during the tripD、if her students had survied the earth—quake解析:考查宾语从句。宾语从句的考查点有两个:1)从句部分用陈述语序;2)主句是过去时,从句用相应的过去时态。根据第一点,我们排除了本题的A、B项。再根据第二点我们又排除了C项,故选D。例6(2008,武汉)—Do you know ?—sorry,I don’t know.A、Where does limmy work   B、where jim my worksC、how does limmy go to work  D、what does jinmy do.解析:考查宾语从句,对于宾语从句要注意三点:语序(陈述语序),时态(主句是过去式,从句要用相应的过去式,从句要用相应的过去式),引导词(that,whether/if,特殊疑问词),A、C、D三项都不是陈述语序,故选B。~宾语从句的应用就为朋友们提供到此,考生朋友们还可点击进入中考英语专栏查看更多信息~
TAG标签: 中考
查看更多原创专栏1下一篇
本文为51EDU精品学习网编辑整理,转载请标明来源,违者必究!!
相关推荐

免责声明

精品学习网(51edu.com)在建设过程中引用了互联网上的一些信息资源并对有明确来源的信息注明了出处,版权归原作者及原网站所有,如果您对本站信息资源版权的归属问题存有异议,请您致信qinquan#51edu.com(将#换成@),我们会立即做出答复并及时解决。如果您认为本站有侵犯您权益的行为,请通知我们,我们一定根据实际情况及时处理。

尊宝国际娱乐亚虎亚虎娱乐平台亚虎亚虎娱乐平台武松娱乐
优发娱乐手机版齐乐娱乐优发娱乐手机版梦之城娱乐
优发娱乐手机版亚虎亚虎娱乐平台亚虎亚虎娱乐平台梦之城娱乐
尊宝国际娱乐尊宝国际尊宝国际娱乐城武松娱乐
优发娱乐手机版齐乐娱乐优发娱乐手机版梦之城娱乐